Scoliosis spineThough not so common, scoliosis can be considered one of the neck pain causes. Scoliosis describes the abnormal curvature of the spinal column. For a normal person, the spinal column would have a curvature in the neck, upper trunk and lower truck to maintain good posture and balance. But people suffering from scoliosis have an abnormal lateral curve, shaped like an ā€œSā€, which may cause discomfort and severe neck pain and back pain.

The abnormal curve of the spinal cord can be detected through an x-ray. For people with a normal and healthy spine, you will see on the x-ray that the spine is straight when viewed from a rear angle. But for people suffering from this condition, you can see an S- shaped or C-shaped spine when viewed in the same angle.

What Causes Scoliosis?

The cause of scoliosis has not been determined yet. But medical professionals would classify scoliosis in three groups- idiopathic, neuromuscular, and congenital.

  • Congenital scoliosis is most common and caused by any vertebral anomalies prior to birth.
  • Idiopathic scoliosis is from an unknown cause but it can suddenly develop at any point in your life.
  • Neuromuscular scoliosis is developed because of trauma or muscle atrophy or shrinking.

Symptoms of Scoliosis

There are some characteristic symptoms that would indicate scoliosis. Distinctive symptoms include one or several of the following:

  • One hip is higher than the other
  • One shoulder is higher than the other
  • The waist is uneven
  • The body tilts to one side
  • One leg appears shorter than the other

Treating Scoliosis

One of the most common treatments for this condition is by wearing a back brace. The brace will stop the curvature from getting worse thus correcting improper posture. Strict compliance with the use of the back brace is important so that once the brace is removed the curve will not go back.

How to Prevent Scoliosis?

Not all cases of scoliosis can be prevented, such as the congenital type. However, you might be able to reduce your chance of acquiring idiopathic or neuromuscular scoliosis with the following .

  • Through proper diet, exercise and therapy, you can improve and strengthen your muscles and bones.
  • Once you have discovered the signs, visit a specialist right away for early detection and prevention.
  • Perform exercises that can reduce neck and back pain. But be careful not to over stress the back and neck muscles.
  • Avoid standing for long hours especially on concrete floors.
  • If you need to sit on a chair for a long time, support your back using a pillow or rolled towel.
  • When lifting objects, lift it using the proper body techniques like by bending the knees first before lifting, so not to strain your back
  • It is also advisable for you to do early morning stretching exercise to prevent muscle strains, stiffness and jerks.

Scoliosis appears to be more common in girls. Though the cause is not known, the best thing to do is to get an early diagnosis through early detection. Back and neck pain caused by scoliosis can become severe based on the extent of the curvature.